Is Pad Thai Vegan or Vegetarian?


Is pad thai vegan?

Pad thai, or ‘Thai stir fry’, is a famous stir-fried dish made with rice noodles commonly served in restaurants and as street food throughout Thailand.1 It’s a very popular food, and was listed as number five on CNN’s list of the “World’s 50 most delicious foods”—a readers’ pole compiled by the network in 2011.2

Is it vegan? Pad thai can be vegan, but many recipes contain meat and other animal products. You will need to vet recipes on restaurant websites (if eating out) and scan ingredients labels if purchasing pad thai in stores. Of course, you can easily make a vegan-friendly version of pad thai at home.

Is it usually vegetarian? As you’d imagine, more pad thai qualifies as vegetarian than vegan. But, vegetarians still need to watch out for meat, especially seafood. Egg is a common ingredient in pad thai that would be suitable for vegetarians, but not vegans.

Animal Products to Look Out for in Pad Thai

Egg

This one is fine for vegetarians, but vegans be warned.

Pad thai tends to be made with rehydrated rice noodles. Sounds innocent enough, but the noodles are often stir-fried in egg.

I remember egg-containing stir fry from my non-vegan days. You’ve probably seen it too. A lot of pad thai is vegetarian-friendly, but not suitable for vegans due to the presence of egg.

Seafood and Fish Sauce

This one’s off-limits for both vegans and vegetarians—with the exception of pescatarians.

Vegan- and vegetarian-friendly flavorings include tamarind pulp, red chili peppers, garlic and shallots, lime wedges, peanuts, and palm sugar, garlic chives, bean sprouts, raw banana flowers, and pickled radishes or turnips.3

Unfortunately, a lot of the flavorings used in pad thai come from seafood and marine-derived ingredients including:3

  • Fish sauce
  • Shrimp (dried and fresh)
  • Crab
  • Squid

For example, Thai Kitchen Gluten Free Pad Thai Noodle Kit contains rice, water, sugar, tomato, rice vinegar, fish sauce (anchovies, salt, and water), garlic, chives, pickled radish, soybean oil, onion, modified corn starch, tamarind paste (organic acids, tamarind seed gum, and pectin), citric acid, chili pepper, and xanthan gum.4

So, keep a lookout for these ingredients. Again, seafood is a staple ingredient in pad thai. So, if you want to ensure your recipe is vegan or vegetarian, you’ll need to make sure soy sauce is used in place of fish sauce, and omit seafood entirely.

Chicken and Other Animal Protein

A lot of pad thai is vegan, or at least, vegetarian-friendly because several recipes call for firm tofu instead of meat.

Obviously, such recipes can still be off-limits for vegans if seafood or egg is still present.

Bits of chicken or red meat are often combined with condiments, containing red chili pepper, bean sprouts, lime wedges, roasted peanuts, and other fresh vegetables.5

For example, P.F. Chang’s Home Menu has a popular Thai Bowl that contains vegetables (cabbage, shiitake mushrooms, scallions and carrots), cooked rice noodles (water, rice flour, and vegetable oil), water, canola oil, brown sugar, chili paste, garlic puree, cornstarch, tamarind, ginger puree, and salt. Sounds innocent enough.

It also contains fish sauce (anchovies and salt), and seasoned cooked chicken (chicken breast, olive oil, water, salt, and brown sugar, and natural flavorings).6

For vegan and vegetarian-friendliness, opt for firm tofu in place of meat.

Commercial Vegan Pad Thai

I’m sure there are numerous vegan-friendly versions of the food product, but this will give you an idea of what’s out there.

Sweet Earth Pad Thai

Sweet Earth offers a vegan-friendly pad thai.

This product contains:7

  • Cooked rice noodles, water, and white rice noodles
  • Tofu and soybeans
  • Canola and sesame oils
  • Additives (calcium sulfate and/or magnesium chloride and/or calcium chloride and/or glucono delta lactone and/or soy protein).
  • Carrots, red bell peppers, shiitake mushrooms, and vegetable broth (water, carrot, celery, onion, tomato, salt, yeast extract, cane sugar)
  • Soy Sauce
  • Maltodextrin, yeast extract, soy fiber, cornstarch, and food starch
  • Vegetable juice concentrate (carrot, celery)
  • Salt, onion and garlic powders, paprika, spices, dried seaweed, and natural flavor
  • Brown sugar (molasses, sugar)
  • Green onions, red cabbage, snow peas
  • Rice vinegar, tamarind and tomato paste, and lime juice concentrate
  • Garlic, lemongrass, ginger, and purees

Dr. McDougall’s Gluten-Free Pad Thai

This one comes with noodles, sauce, and vegetables.

The ingredients include rice noodles, tamari GF soy sauce, peanuts, sugar (organic), garlic, yeast extracts, natural flavors, lime juice, starch, onion, tofu, shallots and cabbage, cilantro, various spices, tamarind powder, chives and green onion, and natural color (turmeric and paprika oleoresin).8

Thai Kitchen Gluten-Free Stir-Fry Rice Noodles

Yes, this one is just the noodles. But, for those of you who like to cook, this is a good product, because it just contains rice and water.9

Annie Chun’s Pad Thai Brown Rice Noodles is another good option. It only contains brown rice flour and water.10

A Taste of Thai Pad Thai Sauce

Another good product if you’re making your own.

This one contains palm sugar, tamarind, water, veggies (shallot and sweet radish), garlic, vegetable oil (soybean), potassium chloride, maltodextrin, miso, salt, hydrolyzed vegetable protein (corn, maltodextrin, and soybeans), yeast extract, paprika oleoresin, citric acid, vitamin E, and chili oleoresin.11

Not the first trace of fish/anchovy sauce!

That’s it for the vegan status of pad thai. Thanks for reading.

You may also want to check out the following related articles:

References

  1. Pad Thai. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/pad+thai
  2. Your pick: World’s 50 most delicious foods. https://web.archive.org/web/20121111184944/http://www.cnngo.com/explorations/eat/readers-choice-worlds-50-most-delicious-foods-012321
  3. Pad Thai – ผัดไทยกุ้งสด. Natty Netsuwan – http://www.thaitable.com/thai/recipe/pad-thai
  4. Thai Kitchen Gluten Free Pad Thai Noodle Kit, 9 Oz. Nina – https://www.walmart.com/ip/Thai-Kitchen-Gluten-Free-Pad-Thai-Noodle-Kit-9-oz/10309674
  5. 7-steps To Properly Eating Pad Thai https://luxevoyageasia.com/7-steps-eating-pad-thai/
  6. P.f. Chang’s Home Menu Chicken Pad Thai Bowl, 11 Ounce. Justin – https://www.walmart.com/ip/P-F-Chang-s-Home-Menu-Chicken-Pad-Thai-Bowl-11-Ounce/936749717
  7. Sweet Earth Pad Thai 9 Oz. Box Sjmickey1 – https://www.walmart.com/ip/Sweet-Earth-Vegan-Pad-Thai-Entree-9-oz-Box/402377085
  8. Dr. Mcdougall’s Right Foods Gluten Free Asian Noodles Pad Thai, 2.0 Oz. Fruitcakey – https://www.walmart.com/ip/Dr-McDougall-s-Right-Foods-Gluten-Free-Asian-Noodles-Pad-Thai-2-0-OZ/35259674
  9. Thai Kitchen Gluten Free Stir Fry Rice Noodles, 14 Oz. Chary73- BigKid913- SONNE31- Campmaster55- Pauldar – https://www.walmart.com/ip/Thai-Kitchen-Gluten-Free-Stir-Fry-Rice-Noodles-14-oz/25876539
  10. Annie Chun’s Pad Thai Brown Rice Noodles 8 Oz. https://www.walmart.com/ip/Annie-Chun-s-Pad-Thai-Brown-Rice-Noodles-8-oz/31041824
  11. A Taste Of Thai Pad Thai Sauce, 3.25 Oz, (pack Of 6). Linda C – https://www.walmart.com/ip/A-Taste-of-Thai-Pad-Thai-Sauce-3-25-oz-Pack-of-6/33653183

Drew Davis

Hi! I'm Drew and this is the place where I nerd out about vegan and plant-based diets. I have a BS in Nutrition and Dietetics from the University of Alabama and have taken dozens of classes in areas like organic and biochemistry, food science, medical nutrition therapy, nutritional genomics, and vegetarian diets. I'm still learning every day, and on this blog, I'll be sharing everything I discover about vegan diets as I go.

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